The Lord did not stop short, nor failed to mention every human contingency as one who knows the beginning from the end. One can just imagine the people, hearing all of those things and wondering, what on earth their Lord was talking about; for more likely than not, they never even heard or thought of most of those things at that time.
So He told them, “you shall not make a false report, nor join with the wicked to be a false witness.”
More specifically, the Lord said, do not join with a multitude to do evil, nor give evidence in a cause with a view to distort the course of justice. This last was in fact a re-statement of the ninth commandment, not to be a false witness.
Have pity on the poor man he warned; if you see the ox or an ass of an enemy going astray, catch it and take it to him. If you see the ass of one that hates you laboring under a heavy load and you can help, do help it.
Do not distort the justice due to the poor, God again cautioned; “keep yourself far from a false matter; and the innocent and the righteous, slay not; for I the Lord will not justify the wicked.”
Take no bribe, for a bribe blinds the eye of the wise and perverts the words of the righteous; and remember, do not oppress the foreigner; for you know the heart of the foreigner since you yourself was once one also. More